Azure Synapse vs ClickHouse Which is better for analytics

Azure Synapse vs ClickHouse:In the ever-evolving landscape of data management and analytics, choosing the right data warehouse solution is crucial for organizations seeking optimal performance, scalability, and cost-effectiveness. Two popular options in this space are Microsoft Azure Synapse and ClickHouse. In this blog post, we will delve into a detailed comparison between these two platforms, analyzing their key features, performance metrics, and use cases.

Azure Synapse:

Azure Synapse, formerly known as SQL Data Warehouse, is Microsoft’s cloud-based integrated analytics service. It combines big data and data warehousing, allowing users to analyze large volumes of data with both on-demand and provisioned resources.

Key features of Azure Synapse include:

  1. Unified Analytics: Azure Synapse integrates seamlessly with both on-premises and cloud data sources, providing a unified platform for analytics across various data types.
  2. Scalability: With on-demand scalability, users can provision resources based on their specific needs, ensuring efficient resource utilization and cost-effectiveness.
  3. Security: Azure Synapse prioritizes data security with features like Azure Active Directory authentication, transparent data encryption, and advanced threat protection.
  4. Integration with Power BI: Users can easily visualize and share insights with Power BI integration, making it a comprehensive solution for business intelligence.


ClickHouse, on the other hand, is an open-source, columnar database management system designed for high-performance analytics on large datasets. It has gained popularity for its speed and efficiency in handling analytical queries.

Key features of ClickHouse include:

  1. Columnar Storage: ClickHouse’s columnar storage architecture allows for fast query performance by reading only the necessary columns during queries, reducing I/O and improving efficiency.
  2. Linear Scalability: ClickHouse is known for its linear scalability, making it suitable for organizations with growing data volumes and query loads.
  3. Low Latency: The system is optimized for low-latency analytical queries, making it a preferred choice for applications requiring real-time analytics.
  4. Open Source: ClickHouse’s open-source nature allows for community contributions, fostering a collaborative environment and flexibility in customization.

Comparison Table of Azure Synapse vs ClickHouse

Feature Azure Synapse ClickHouse
Deployment Cloud-based On-premises, cloud, and hybrid options
Scalability On-demand and provisioned resources Linear scalability
Query Performance Optimized for complex queries High-speed analytical queries
Security Azure AD authentication, encryption Basic security features
Integration Power BI, Azure services integration Open-source nature, versatile
Cost Model Pay-as-you-go pricing Open-source, potential cost savings
Use Cases Enterprise analytics, BI, big data Real-time analytics, high-volume data

External Links:

  1. Azure Synapse
  2. ClickHouse

Pros and Cons of Azure Synapse vs ClickHouse

Pros and Cons of Azure Synapse:


  1. Unified Analytics: Seamlessly integrates with various data sources for unified analytics.
  2. Scalability: Offers on-demand and provisioned resources, ensuring efficient resource utilization.
  3. Security: Prioritizes data security with features like Azure Active Directory authentication and encryption.
  4. Integration: Easily integrates with Power BI and other Azure services for comprehensive business intelligence.


  1. Cost: Pay-as-you-go pricing model may lead to higher costs for certain workloads.
  2. Complexity: Setting up and configuring Azure Synapse can be complex for some users.
  3. Limited Open Source Options: Not as flexible as open-source solutions in terms of customization and community contributions.

Pros and Cons of ClickHouse:


  1. High-Speed Analytics: Optimized for high-speed analytical queries, suitable for real-time analytics.
  2. Linear Scalability: Scales linearly with growing data volumes and query loads.
  3. Cost Savings: Open-source nature allows for potential cost savings compared to proprietary solutions.
  4. Columnar Storage: Utilizes columnar storage for efficient query performance and low latency.


  1. Basic Security: Lacks advanced security features compared to enterprise-grade solutions like Azure Synapse.
  2. Limited Integration: May not integrate as seamlessly with other cloud services compared to Azure Synapse.
  3. Steep Learning Curve: Requires a learning curve for optimization and configuration, especially for complex deployments.


Q1: Which platform is more cost-effective for small to medium-sized businesses?

A1: The cost-effectiveness depends on the specific use case and workload. Azure Synapse’s pay-as-you-go model can be advantageous for unpredictable workloads, while ClickHouse’s open-source nature may appeal to organizations seeking cost savings.

Q2: Can ClickHouse be used in a cloud environment?

A2: Yes, ClickHouse can be deployed in various environments, including on-premises, cloud, and hybrid configurations. It offers flexibility in choosing the deployment model that best suits the organization’s needs.

Q3: Does Azure Synapse support real-time analytics?

A3: While Azure Synapse is capable of handling real-time analytics, ClickHouse is specifically designed for high-speed analytical queries, making it a strong contender for applications requiring low-latency analytics.


In conclusion, the choice between Azure Synapse and ClickHouse depends on the specific requirements and preferences of an organization. Azure Synapse excels in its seamless integration with Microsoft’s ecosystem and provides a comprehensive solution for enterprise analytics. On the other hand, ClickHouse’s open-source nature, high-speed analytical capabilities, and scalability make it an attractive option for organizations with a focus on real-time analytics and cost savings. Careful consideration of the features, performance metrics, and use cases is essential for making an informed decision based on the unique needs of your business.

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