How to enable actuator in spring boot

Enable actuator in Spring Boot:In the dynamic world of Spring Boot, achieving operational excellence is a paramount concern for developers and operators alike. Enter Spring Boot Actuator, a robust set of tools that provide invaluable insights into the health, metrics, and overall runtime behavior of your application. In this comprehensive exploration, we will delve into the process of enabling Spring Boot Actuator, examine its diverse endpoints, and discuss best practices for leveraging its capabilities. By the end of this guide, you will have a thorough understanding of how to harness the power of Spring Boot Actuator to monitor, manage, and troubleshoot your applications effectively.

Understanding the Essence of Spring Boot Actuator

Spring Boot Actuator is not just another library; it’s a vital component that transforms your Spring Boot application into a production-ready powerhouse. With Actuator, developers gain access to a suite of operational features that facilitate real-time monitoring, efficient management, and seamless troubleshooting.

Enabling Actuator in Spring Boot: A Step-by-Step Guide

Step 1: Add Actuator Dependency

The journey begins by adding the Actuator dependency to your Spring Boot project. This is a simple process that involves including the necessary dependency in your project’s build configuration.




implementation 'org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-actuator'

Step 2: Configure Actuator Endpoints

While Actuator endpoints are enabled by default, you can customize their configuration to suit your specific needs. This is typically done in the application.properties or application.yml file.

For instance, to expose all endpoints, you can add the following to your configuration file:


Step 3: Run Your Application

With the Actuator dependency added and configured, the next step is to run your Spring Boot application. Actuator endpoints will be automatically available at http://localhost:8080/actuator.

Navigating Actuator Endpoints

Actuator endpoints provide a wealth of information about your application’s internals. Let’s explore some of the key endpoints that can offer valuable insights:

1. Health Endpoint

  • URL: /actuator/health
  • Purpose: Provides information about the application’s health, including checks for database connectivity, disk space, and custom health indicators.

2. Info Endpoint

  • URL: /actuator/info
  • Purpose: Displays arbitrary application information, offering a convenient way to expose additional details about your system.

3. Metrics Endpoint

  • URL: /actuator/metrics
  • Purpose: Offers a wide range of metrics related to memory usage, garbage collection, thread count, and other crucial performance indicators.

4. Environment Endpoint

  • URL: /actuator/env
  • Purpose: Presents information about the application’s environment properties, allowing for a deeper understanding of the runtime environment.

5. Shutdown Endpoint

  • URL: /actuator/shutdown
  • Purpose: Allows for a graceful shutdown of the application. Note: This endpoint is disabled by default and must be explicitly enabled and secured due to its sensitive nature.

Best Practices and Tips for Actuator in springboot

1. Securing Actuator Endpoints

While Actuator endpoints provide valuable information, it’s essential to secure them, especially in a production environment. This is typically achieved by configuring Spring Security. Ensure proper role-based access to limit exposure of sensitive information.

2. Customizing Endpoint URLs

Actuator allows for easy customization of endpoint URLs. In the application.properties or application.yml file, you can adjust the base path:


This helps tailor the URLs to align with your application’s structure or security policies.

3. Leveraging Actuator in Microservices

In a microservices architecture, Actuator can be a game-changer. By enabling Actuator in each microservice, you create a centralized monitoring and management solution. Tools like Spring Cloud Sleuth can be integrated for distributed tracing, enhancing visibility across microservices.

4. Monitoring Custom Metrics

Actuator seamlessly integrates with custom metrics. Leveraging the MeterRegistry interface, developers can create and publish custom metrics. This feature is particularly useful when you need to monitor application-specific performance indicators.

External Links for Further Exploration

  1. Spring Boot Actuator Official Documentation
  2. Spring Boot Actuator GitHub Repository

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Let’s address some common questions that may arise when working with Spring Boot Actuator:

Q: How can I secure Actuator endpoints?

A: You can secure Actuator endpoints by configuring Spring Security. The default security settings may be sufficient for development, but in production, it’s crucial to restrict access based on roles and permissions.

Q: Can I customize the Actuator endpoint URLs?

A: Yes, you can customize the Actuator endpoint URLs in the application.properties or application.yml file. For example, to change the base path to /management, add:


Q: What is the purpose of the /actuator/shutdown endpoint?

A: The /actuator/shutdown endpoint allows for a graceful shutdown of the application. It is disabled by default and must be explicitly enabled and secured due to its sensitive nature.

Q: How can I monitor custom metrics with Actuator?

A: Spring Boot Actuator supports custom metrics. You can use the MeterRegistry interface to create and publish custom metrics. Consult the official documentation for detailed guidance.


Enabling Spring Boot Actuator is a transformative step in the journey towards operational excellence. By following the outlined steps, exploring the provided external links, and considering best practices, you’ve gained the knowledge needed to unleash the full potential of Spring Boot Actuator.

Embrace the power of operational visibility, enhance your troubleshooting capabilities, and take your Spring Boot applications to new heights. Spring Boot Actuator is not just a tool; it’s a companion that empowers you to master the intricacies of your application’s runtime behavior.

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