How to run Spring boot application in Intellij

Running a Spring Boot application in IntelliJ IDEA is a fundamental skill for Java developers. This guide will walk you through the process, covering essential steps to set up, configure, and execute your Spring Boot project seamlessly within IntelliJ’s integrated development environment (IDE). Let’s dive into the details to ensure you can get your Spring Boot application up and running quickly.

Setting Up Your Spring Boot Project in IntelliJ

Install IntelliJ IDEA:

If you don’t have IntelliJ IDEA installed, download and install it from the official website.

Create a Spring Boot Project:

Open IntelliJ IDEA and select “Create New Project.”

Choose “Spring Initializr” as the project type.

Configure your project settings, including group, artifact, and dependencies. Ensure you select the “Spring Web” dependency for a basic setup.

Import Your Project:

If you already have an existing Spring Boot project, you can import it into IntelliJ by selecting “Open” and choosing your project’s root directory.

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Configuring the Spring Boot Application in IntelliJ

Configure Application Properties:

Open the application.properties or application.yml file in your project’s src/main/resources directory.

Set properties such as server port, database connection details, etc., based on your application’s requirements.

Configure Run/Debug Configurations:

Navigate to “Run” in the top menu and select “Edit Configurations.”

Click the “+” button to add a new configuration and choose “Spring Boot.”

Set the main class and any additional configurations required for your application.

Running Your Spring Boot Application

Build Your Project:

Ensure your project is successfully built by selecting “Build” from the top menu and then “Build Project.”

Run Your Application:

Click the green “Run” arrow or use the Shift + F10 shortcut to run your Spring Boot application.

Access Your Application:

Once the application has started, open your web browser and navigate to the specified port (default is 8080) to access your Spring Boot application.

Use Cases for Running Spring Boot Applications in IntelliJ

Running a Spring Boot application in IntelliJ IDEA is a pivotal aspect of the software development process. This article explores the best practices and various use cases for executing your Spring Boot project within the IntelliJ integrated development environment (IDE).

1. Testing and Debugging:

Running your Spring Boot application in IntelliJ allows you to conduct extensive testing and debugging. The IDE provides robust debugging tools, making it easier to identify and rectify issues in your code. Running the application in debug mode enables you to set breakpoints, inspect variables, and step through the code, facilitating a thorough debugging process.

2. Continuous Development and Hot Swapping:

One of the advantages of running a Spring Boot application in IntelliJ is the support for hot swapping. This feature allows you to make changes to your code and see the results instantly without restarting the entire application. It streamlines the development workflow, making the development process more efficient by reducing downtime.

3. Integration Testing:

Running your Spring Boot application in IntelliJ is crucial for integration testing. It enables you to assess how different components of your application interact and ensures that your integrations work seamlessly. This is especially important when working on projects with multiple modules or external dependencies.

4. Validating Configuration Changes:

IntelliJ IDEA provides a convenient way to manage application properties. By running your Spring Boot application in the IDE, you can quickly validate changes to your configuration files. This is particularly useful when experimenting with different configurations or when integrating external services.

5. Collaborative Development:

Running your Spring Boot application in IntelliJ enhances collaborative development. Team members can easily share and execute the application within the same IDE environment. This promotes consistency across the team, as everyone can run and test the application in the same development environment.

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Best Practices for Running Spring Boot Applications in IntelliJ

  • Set Up Run Configurations: Ensure you have proper run configurations set up in IntelliJ. This includes specifying the main class, active profiles, and any additional parameters necessary for your Spring Boot application.
  • Leverage Debugging Tools: Take advantage of IntelliJ’s powerful debugging tools when running your Spring Boot application. Set breakpoints strategically, inspect variables, and utilize the debugger to identify and resolve issues efficiently.
  • Monitor Application Output: Regularly monitor the application output in the IntelliJ console. This helps you stay informed about the application’s status, errors, and log messages during runtime.
  • Utilize Hot Swapping: When making code changes, leverage hot swapping to see the immediate effects without restarting the entire application. This accelerates the development cycle and allows for quicker validation of changes.

Troubleshooting and FAQs


Q1: How can I change the default port for my Spring Boot application?

A1: You can specify a different port in your application.properties or application.yml file. Set server.port to the desired port number.

Q2: What should I do if my application fails to start?

A2: Check the console for error messages. Common issues include port conflicts and misconfigurations. Ensure that your dependencies are correctly set up in the pom.xml file for Maven projects or build.gradle for Gradle projects.

Q3: Can I run Spring Boot applications with different profiles in IntelliJ?

A3: Yes, you can specify the active profile in the run configurations. Use the spring.profiles.active property in your application.properties or application.yml file.

External Links:

  1. IntelliJ IDEA Download
  2. Spring Boot Official Documentation


Running a Spring Boot application in IntelliJ IDEA is a straightforward process, crucial for Java developers working on modern web applications. This guide covers the essential steps to set up, configure, and run your Spring Boot project within the IntelliJ IDE. Armed with this knowledge, you can confidently develop and test your Spring Boot applications with ease.

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