Selenium vs. UFT (Unified Functional Testing): A Comprehensive Comparison of Leading Test Automation Tools

Selenium vs. UFT (Unified Functional Testing): A Comprehensive Comparison of Leading Test Automation Tools


Test automation has become an indispensable aspect of modern software development, facilitating faster releases, improved accuracy, and enhanced test coverage. Among the myriad of test automation tools available, Selenium and UFT (formerly known as QTP or QuickTest Professional) are two prominent players in the market. Selenium, an open-source framework, focuses on web application testing, while UFT, a commercial tool developed by Micro Focus, offers a broader scope, encompassing web, desktop, mobile, and API testing. In this blog post, we will conduct an in-depth comparison of Selenium and UFT to help you make an informed decision about the most suitable tool for your testing needs.


Selenium is an immensely popular open-source test automation framework, primarily designed for web application testing. It provides a suite of tools and libraries that allow testers and developers to automate web browser interactions and validate application behavior. Selenium supports multiple programming languages, including Java, Python, C#, and others, making it highly versatile and accessible to a wide range of testing teams.

Key Features of Selenium

a. Cross-Browser Compatibility: Selenium allows running tests across various web browsers like Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and more, ensuring comprehensive compatibility testing.

b. Parallel Test Execution: Selenium Grid enables testers to execute tests simultaneously on multiple machines and browsers, reducing overall testing time.

c. Integration with CI/CD: Selenium seamlessly integrates with Continuous Integration and Continuous Deployment (CI/CD) pipelines, promoting automated testing as part of the development workflow.

Use Cases for Selenium

  • Web application testing, ensuring consistent performance across different browsers and platforms.
  • Integration with various testing frameworks and tools due to its open-source nature.

UFT (Unified Functional Testing)

UFT, previously known as QTP, is a comprehensive commercial test automation tool developed by Micro Focus. It caters to various testing requirements, including web, desktop, mobile, and API testing. UFT provides a user-friendly interface, making it suitable for testers with varying technical backgrounds.

Key Features of UFT

a. Multi-Platform Support: UFT is capable of testing web applications, desktop applications, mobile applications, and APIs, making it an all-in-one solution for diverse testing needs.

b. Record and Playback: UFT offers a record and playback feature, enabling testers to create test scripts without extensive programming knowledge.

c. Built-in Object Repository: UFT uses a centralized object repository, simplifying test maintenance and reducing redundancy.

Use Cases for UFT

  • Testing scenarios requiring a wide array of platforms, including web, desktop, mobile, and APIs.
  • Teams with testers who may have limited programming expertise, thanks to UFT’s user-friendly interface.


Testing Scope

  • Selenium: Primarily focused on web application testing.
  • UFT: Offers a broader scope, encompassing web, desktop, mobile, and API testing.

Test Scripting

  • Selenium: Requires proficiency in programming languages for test script creation and maintenance.
  • UFT: Provides a record and playback feature, allowing testers with limited programming knowledge to create test scripts.


  • Selenium: Being an open-source framework, Selenium is free to use.
  • UFT: Being a commercial tool, UFT requires a licensing fee.

In conclusion, both Selenium and UFT are powerful test automation tools, each offering distinct advantages based on your project’s specific requirements and the skillset of your testing team. If your focus is primarily on web application testing and you have developers comfortable with programming languages, Selenium is a reliable and cost-effective choice. On the other hand, if your testing needs span multiple platforms and you require a user-friendly interface for testers with limited programming knowledge, UFT’s comprehensive capabilities may be more appealing.

Ultimately, the decision between Selenium and UFT depends on factors such as testing scope, team expertise, and budget considerations. Evaluate your project’s objectives and resources carefully to choose the tool that best aligns with your testing goals, enabling you to create efficient and reliable test automation for your software projects.



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